The vineyards of Côte de Nuits
Côte de Nuits is known for its great red wines coming from the Pinot Noir grape variety. Those wines combine strength and concentration with incomparable subtlety and elegance. The Grands Crus Clos de Vougeot, Chambertin … and some of premiers’ crus are internationally renowned. They are ambassadors of village appellations such as Gevrey-Chambertin, Vosne-Romanée… and Marsannay. The northernmost Côte d’Or appellations produce deep and full-flavoured wines with ruby colour.
3 Grands crus in Côte de Nuits
The Château de Marsannay owns the wines in most prestigious appellations: Clos de Vougeot, Chambertin and Ruchottes-Chambertin. Côte de Nuits is the great red wines terroir because all great red wines from Côte d’Or are produced in Côte de Nuits, except Corton Grand Cru situated in the north of Côte de Beaune.
The plot of Clos de Vougeot vineyard that belongs to Château de Marsannay is situated in the upper part of the appellation, close to Château de Clos de Vougeot. It is a gently sloping plot with brown gravel rich in clay, suitable for drainage, on a thick Bathonian chalky base.
Consisting of a thin layer of red marl on a very rocky terrain, not very shallow and not very fertile, the Château de Marsannay Ruchottes-Chambertin plot is the southernmost of the appellation.
On a soil composed of scree particularly rich in limestone and clay, the Chambertin vines give small yields and beautiful natural maturities.
The estate of Château de Marsannay also spreads over the Premiers Crus of Gevrey-Chambertin « Champeaux » and « Bel-Air » and over the Premier Cru « En Orveaux » at Vosne-Romanée. These plots are very well situated because Bel-Air stands alongside Ruchottes-Chambertin and “En Orveaux” borders on Les Echezeaux Grand Cru.
On Marsannay appellation, the Château de Marsannay vines are spread over 14 “climats” including 10 potential Premiers’ Crus.
Hospices de Dijon vineyard
The Estate operates all vines owned by Hospices de Dijon. Vines are located in Côte de Beaune (Aloxe-Corton, Savigny-Lès Beaune, Beaune, Beaune 1er Cru, Pommard 1er Cru, Puligny-Montrachet) and in Côte de Nuits (Gevrey- Chambertin and Marsannay). The Hospices de Dijon, like the Hospices de Beaune and the Hospices de Nuits, have a vineyard mainly composed of plots bequeathed by generous donors. The wines of the Hospices of Dijon are distributed by the Château de Marsannay.
The vineyards are shared between 11 winegrowers who work year after year in the same plots. Very regular monitoring is ensured by the estate manager, Sylvain Pabion, who manages all the procedures important for the right development of the vines. The major role of the winegrowers is to help the vines to produce ripe and healthy grapes during their growing cycle. Season after season, they take great care of the vines according to the soils and climatic conditions. Long branch pruning, according to the Guyot method, results in good ventilation for the vine. It requires severe bud nipping to produce a yield of around 40hl/ha. A simple organic fertilizer is used to stimulate the microbiological life of the soil and to improve its structure. Tillage is used to preserve the soil structure. Grass cover is practiced according to the characteristics of each plot.
The harvest date is based on rigorous mature samples. Picking is all carried out by hand into pierced cases of 20kg. Sorting is done on a table at the winery by a team of eight people. We waited until September 8th 2017 to start the harvest on the Côte de Beaune, where the dryness had been higher and the maturity at its maximum. We continued on the Côte de Nuits the week after, with white grapes that we did not want to mature too much in order to keep their acid balance. Meanwhile, our pinot plots were slowly finishing their maturation, the seeds were browning well, the skins were fining down and the vegetal aromas were disappearing, letting great fruit fragrances appear. We followed on the reds on September 12th in good conditions, the little rain we had did not damage the grapes and they were carefully sorted. The harvest ended 10 days later with a full cellar !